By G. R. Evans
I simply accomplished this convenient little e-book and located it very illuminating. It supplies a historical past of ways dissent got here to be outlined as "heresy", which have been the real ones from the time of Saint Augustine and after, and why it's tricky to evangelise the "social gospel" even this day. i want to learn many of the different books during this sequence.
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Additional info for A Brief History of Heresy (Blackwell Brief Histories of Religion)
The doctrines that an individual could be baptized only once, coupled with the confidence that baptism took away both the guilt and the penalty for original sin and also for any actual sins someone had committed, had encouraged even committed Christians to put off the moment of baptism as long as possible, so as to give themselves less time to sin again. But that argument worked powerfully, too, in the case of infants, for infant morality was high and Augustine was not the only bishop to hold that an unbaptized infant could not enter the presence of God and spend eternity in heaven.
One was baptismal. The Christian convert affirming his or her faith at the moment of baptism could conveniently say a short paragraph in the presence of the congregation, so as to join his or her faith with theirs. The other was liturgical in a more general way. In worship, particularly at the Lord’s Supper or Eucharist, the congregation could affirm the faith of the community together in a single form of words, often in a formal ‘dialogue’ in which questions were asked and responses given. The first such formulae were very simple.
2 This story, which is older than Rufinus, gave an authority to what had become known as the ‘Apostles’ Creed’ which preserve its status alongside that of the Nicene Creed created by the Council of Nicaea in 325 at the height of the Arian crisis. Throughout the Middle Ages it was accepted that the Apostles’ Creed was indeed the work of the Apostles. The important question is how far it is ultimately ‘apostolic’ in the wider sense of ‘deriving from the earliest period of the Church’. It seems clear that it did emerge in that way, perhaps especially through its use in liturgy.
A Brief History of Heresy (Blackwell Brief Histories of Religion) by G. R. Evans