By Christine Isom-Verhaaren
In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to town of great. The operation, below the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here according to a request from François I of France for the aid of Sultan Süleyman the marvelous in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused severe condemnation on non secular grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from accredited international relations. stories of the Crusades have been, in spite of everything, nonetheless a great deal alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel locations the occasions of 1543 and the next wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the facility politics of the 16th century. counting on modern Ottoman and French assets, it provides the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early glossy period. the result's crucial examining for college kids and students of eu heritage, Ottoman stories, and of family among the Christian and Islamic worlds.
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Extra info for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)
Later Charles and his supporters condemned François I’s diplomacy with the Ottomans, but Charles sent an envoy to the Ottoman sultan before François did. Circumstances dictated which European ruler formed an alliance with the Ottomans; if François had been chosen as Holy Roman Emperor, Charles would have allied with the Ottomans. Although plans for a crusade were proposed as part of the election rivalry of François and Charles, the French court’s enthusiasm for them diminished after Charles won the imperial election in 1519.
Indd 41 4/20/2011 2:58:56 PM 42 A LLIES WITH THE INFIDEL military actions against the Habsburgs. Henri’s diplomacy with the Ottomans against the Habsburgs involved two popes in the 1550s. Hostilities began again in Italy with the war of Parma between Pope Julius III, supported by Charles V, and Ottavio Farnese, grandson of Pope Paul III, supported by Henri II. Pope Julius III informed Charles that, ‘We fear these new preparations which the Turk is said to be making by sea and the alliance which he has with the French, ...
Thereafter much of the rivalry between Süleyman and Charles took place between their fleets in the Mediterranean. During this period joint Ottoman-French naval expeditions fought against the emperor or his allies. Thus the Ottoman fleet frequently appeared in the western Mediterranean as well as the eastern portion of the sea. 36 Consequently, after 1536, a French ambassador was usually resident in Istanbul. 37 An Ottoman attack on Corfu led Venice in 1538 to agree to an alliance, known as the Holy League, with the pope against the Ottoman Empire, which included Charles V.
Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies) by Christine Isom-Verhaaren