Download e-book for kindle: An Environmental History of Medieval Europe by Richard Hoffmann

By Richard Hoffmann

ISBN-10: 0521876966

ISBN-13: 9780521876964

Because the first actual ebook of its style, An Environmental background of Medieval Europe offers a hugely unique survey of medieval kin with the flora and fauna. attractive with the interdisciplinary company of environmental background, it examines the way typical forces affected humans, how humans replaced their atmosphere, and the way they thought of the area round them. Exploring key topics in medieval historical past - together with the decline of Rome, non secular doctrine, and the lengthy fourteenth century - Hoffmann attracts clean conclusions approximately enduring questions relating to agrarian economies, tenurial rights, know-how and urbanization. Revealing the importance of the flora and fauna on occasions formerly regarded as merely human, the booklet explores matters together with the remedy of animals, sustainability, epidemic sickness and weather swap, and by means of introducing medieval background within the context of social ecology, brings the wildlife into historiography as an agent and item of historical past itself.

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5 Sources for environmental history Some such stories fit together into a larger narrative; others will not. Acknowledging diversity is important to understanding. 5). ) from the past as its source of information about that which produced them. Medievalists are well aware of the critical methods developed to test the authenticity of medieval texts and to establish their credibility as descriptions and simultaneously products of past consciousness. A charter established as a medieval forgery can tell the alert reader as much, but different, information as a fully authentic one; so can a mythic or misinformed or purposely slanted narrative, be it literary or historiographic.

This moved some Romans to compose manuals of agricultural practice. 60CE), and others provide more information on overall purposes, managerial intent, and traditional knowledge of farming than is otherwise available in Europe for another 1,500 years. For all their skewed perspectives and very large omissions, the Roman agronomists offer one important avenue into classical thinking about the natural world. Ancient Greco-Roman environmental thought was largely enmeshed in religious-philosophical-scientific speculation, manifest in several idea complexes, not a single package.

Iron, a harder metal, whose working began in Anatolia, reached the central Alps around 1000BCE, but the so-called bog ores (naturally formed clumps of hydrous iron oxide) occurred in small quantities nearly everywhere. Its use, especially for weapons, spread rapidly. In general, metalworking had greater environmental impact than did mining, from both its demand for fuel and its toxic emissions. 2000–750BCE) and (Pre-Roman) ‘Iron Age’ (750–1BCE) are named after metals, they are more essentially to be characterized as increasingly stable agrarian societies, typically developing relatively fixed settlements, organized field systems, use of draught animals (donkey, ox) and of horses for riding and light draught, social stratification, territorialized communities, and some degree of regional specialization.

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An Environmental History of Medieval Europe by Richard Hoffmann

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