New PDF release: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge

By Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230378242

ISBN-13: 9780230378247

ISBN-10: 0333691865

ISBN-13: 9780333691861

A brief account of the philosophy of data for college students examining philosophy for the 1st time. It additionally serves as a common advent to these drawn to the topic. Jennifer relied on examines the character of philosophy as an issue for examine and means that it has functional use in addition to highbrow charm because it is worried with constructing our figuring out via serious appraisal of the ideas we use, so making our difficulties transparent. Dr depended on additionally seems to be on the strategy of a few of the top philosophers of the western international to the philosophy of information. The perspectives of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume and Kant are thought of. There are chapters largely inquisitive about the perspectives of the twentieth-century philosophers: A.J. Ayer and Norman Malcolm. The concluding bankruptcy summarises a few of the methods and how they give a contribution to clarifying our ideas.

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Moreover it is likely that Aristotle had at least as good and very possibly much better understanding of Plato's ideas than we have. As O'Connor says: It has sometimes been suggested that many of Aristotle's criticisms of Plato are unfair and that the theory he attacked is only a caricature of Plato's real views. This may be so. But Aristotle was a pupil of Plato for many years and we may reasonahly suppose him to have been better acquainted with Plato's meaning than any scholar today. (Grit. Hist.

This world, and the Universals which made it, were the ultimate and objective reality. Plato is said to take a realist view of the nature of Universals. , was due to the fact that the objects of sense perception shared, though to a limited and imperfect extent, in the nature of the Universals. The particulars which we perceived: particular acts of justice, particular beautiful things, existed as just acts and beautiful things in virtue of their participation in the Universals justice and beauty.

But there is another personal aspiration for each philosopher. The study of philosophy educates the soul of the philosopher and prepares it for the true life which could follow death. After release from the prison of the body, the soul could stay permanently in the world of Univerals and never more be polluted by a material body. PLATO'S VIEW OF KNOWLEDGE 45 'The lovers of learning understand', said he, 'that philosophy found their soul simply imprisoned in the body and welded to it, and compelled to survey through this as if through prison bars the things that are, not by itself through itself, but wallowing in all ignorance; and she saw that the danger of this prison came through desire, so that the prisoner himself would be a chief helper in his own imprisonment.

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge by Jennifer Trusted (auth.)

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