By Noah Lemos
Epistemology or the speculation of information is without doubt one of the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this booklet offers a transparent and available creation to the topic. It discusses the various major theories of justification, together with foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and advantage epistemology. different issues contain the Gettier challenge, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the matter of epistemic circularity, the matter of the criterion, a priori wisdom, and naturalized epistemology. meant basically for college students taking a first-class in epistemology, this lucid and well-written textual content might additionally offer a great advent for somebody attracted to figuring out extra approximately this crucial quarter of philosophy.
Part of the Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy sequence.
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Additional info for An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge
Moreover, as a general strategy for dealing with Gettier cases denying the PDC seems inadequate. This is because there seem to be some Gettier-type cases that do not involve deducing one proposition from another. Suppose, for example, you are visiting your friend in the physics department. As you walk down the hall you look in the doorway and seem to see a man in the room. ’’ Your perceptual belief is not formed on the basis of an inference. You simply look in the room and form the belief. Now suppose that what you saw was in fact an extremely realistic holographic image of a man.
Still, this fact would not seem to prevent Smith from knowing that the home team won. As it stands, D6 is not satisfactory, though, perhaps, some modification of it will be acceptable. Let us consider a different approach, but one that like D6 also focuses on the role of falsehoods. Let us consider: D7 S knows that p ¼ Df. (1) S believes that p, (2) p is true, (3) p is epistemically justified for S, and (4) S’s grounds for believing that p do not justify any false proposition for S. According to D6, knowledge requires that none of one’s grounds are false.
The term ‘‘nonconclusive evidence’’ can be misleading. To say that e is nonconclusive evidence for p is not to say that e does not make it reasonable for us to conclude that p. If, for example, I know that 95 of the 100 marbles are black, then it is reasonable for me to conclude, to believe or accept, that I will draw a black one. To say that evidence is nonconclusive is not, therefore, to imply that it does not support a particular conclusion, it is rather to note that it does not guarantee that conclusion.
An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge by Noah Lemos