By Miira Tuominen
This booklet bargains the 1st synoptic research of ways the first components in wisdom constructions have been analysed in antiquity from Plato to past due historic commentaries. It argues that, within the Platonic-Aristotelian culture, the query of beginning issues used to be taken care of from detailed issues of view: as a question of the way we gather easy wisdom; and as a query of the premises we might instantly settle for within the line of argumentation.
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Extra info for Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting Points for Knowledge (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind)
For similarities between the sophistical refutations Aristotle lists in the Sophistical Refutations and the ones Plato presents in the Euthydemus, see Dorion (1995, 91–104). 51 In the Sophistical Refutations Aristotle mentions didactic arguments as their own subclass. Didactic arguments use premises which are peculiar to the science being taught and they are, in Aristotle’s terms, ‘better known to nature’. This means that they might be quite unfamiliar to the pupil, who, however, is supposed to accept them and not question them as in dialectic.
Therefore, an analysis of dialectical argumentation is a necessary prerequisite for assessing whether dialectical arguments may establish the premises of scientific proofs. It is characteristic of Aristotle to claim that in the case of all arguments, the context determines the conditions that the arguments should fulfil. From Aristotle’s point of view the differences between arguments are mainly differences in the criteria set for the premises. The main types of arguments are, 48 In Plato diak2ceqhai as a verb applies to argumentation quite generally.
1999, 228–229) and Gregory (2000); cf. Annas (1982, 104), who claims that ultimate basic truths in the Republic concern the nature of goodness. It has, however, been suggested (Ross 1951, 243) that in fact unity would be the highest principle of ideas, and that goodness follows from it. 32 CHAPTER ONE Collection and Division In Plato’s dialogues, the question of knowledge is often discussed in terms of the question of knowing what things are. In some of the dialogues, namely the Phaedrus, the Sophist and the Politicus, a general procedure is introduced to discover answers to that question.
Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting Points for Knowledge (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind) by Miira Tuominen