By Grigoris Balakian, Peter Balakian
By no means prior to in English, Armenian Golgotha is the main dramatic and finished eyewitness account of the 1st sleek genocide.
On April 24, 1915, the priest Grigoris Balakian was once arrested besides a few 250 different intellectuals and leaders of Constantinople’s Armenian group. It was once the start of the Ottoman Turkish government’s systematic try to get rid of the Armenian humans from Turkey; it used to be a crusade that endured via global conflict I and the autumn of the Ottoman Empire, during which time greater than one million Armenians were annihilated and expunged from their historical place of birth. For Grigoris Balakian, himself condemned, it used to be additionally the start of a four-year ordeal in which he might undergo witness to a probably never-ending caravan of blood.
Balakian sees his countrymen despatched in carts, on donkeys, or taking walks to stand sure dying within the desolate tract of northern Syria. Many wouldn't even live to tell the tale the adventure, ache hunger, illness, mutilation, and rape, between different tortures, sooner than being slaughtered en direction. In those pages, he brings to existence the phrases and deeds of survivors, overseas witnesses, and Turkish officers enthusiastic about the bloodbath strategy, and in addition of these few courageous, righteous Turks, who, with a few of their German allies operating for the Baghdad Railway, resisted orders calling for the loss of life of the Armenians. Miraculously, Balakian manages to flee, and his flight—through wooded area and over mountain, in hide as a railroad employee after which as a German soldier—is a suspenseful, harrowing odyssey that makes attainable his singular testimony.
Full of smart insights into the political, historic, and cultural context of the Armenian genocide—the template for the following mass killings that experience solid a shadow around the 20th century and beyond—this memoir is destined to turn into a vintage of survivor literature. Armenian Golgotha is bound to deepen our knowing of a catastrophic crime that the Turkish executive, the Ottomans’ successor, denies to at the present time.
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Additional resources for Armenian Golgotha: A Memoir of the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1918
Russian troops occupy most of western Armenia. JULY-AUGUST Talaat orders a second wave of massacres of Armenians who are still alive in Der Zor. The total killed there exceeds 400,000. AUGUST The Interior Ministry abolishes the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople. 1917 MARCH 15 In Russia, Tsar Nicholas II abdicates. APRIL 6 The United States declares war on Germany and Austria-Hungary APRIL 20 Turkey breaks diplomatic relations with the United States. NOVEMBER The Interior Ministry orders all Armenians who are working on railroad lines to be deported.
The Armenian literary style of the period, which lent itself to long, multiclause sentences, was sometimes so involuted it required trimming. At times when Balakian's emotions overwhelmed him, he repeated himself or drew the same conclusion in different terms; in reliving his anguish through writing, he could be redundant, for example, employing excessive modifiers (merciless, wretched, bloody, horrific). Some editorializing and sermonizing passages were deleted—moments of patriotic sentiment, clerical blessings of the dead, rage at Turkey, and the like—because, while they revealed the intensity of Balakian's emotions, they digressed from and interfered with the organic flow of the narrative.
NOVEMBER 2 The ruling triumvirate—Talaat, Enver, and Jemal—flees the country. NOVEMBER 11 Armistice. 1919 JANUARY 4 With Archbishop Yeghishe Tourian, Professor A. Der Hagopian, and Dr. Armenag Parseghian, Grigoris Balakian boards the British admiral's ship for the Paris Peace Conference. FEBRUARY 1 Under British pressure, Ottoman courts-martial of perpetrators of the Armenian massacres commence in Constantinople. The Ittihad leaders will be sentenced to death in absentia in June; several convictions will result in imprisonment or execution.
Armenian Golgotha: A Memoir of the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1918 by Grigoris Balakian, Peter Balakian