Suraiya Faroqhi's Artisans of Empire: Crafts and Craftspeople Under the PDF

By Suraiya Faroqhi

ISBN-10: 1845115880

ISBN-13: 9781845115883

The manufacture and exchange in crafted items and the boys and girls who have been concerned with this industry--including metalworkers, ceramicists, silk weavers, fez-makers, blacksmiths or even barbers--lay on the social in addition to the commercial center of the Ottoman empire. This finished heritage through major Ottoman historian Suraiya Faroqhi provides the definitive view of the topic, from the construction and distribution of alternative craft gadgets to their use and delight in the group. Succinct but accomplished, Artisans of Empire analyzes the creation and alternate of crafts from the start of the 16th century to the early 20th century, targeting its historical past, politics and tradition. creation tools, the association of alternate guilds, spiritual variations, the contribution of girls and the constitution of the Ottoman economic climate all come below scrutiny during this wide-ranging heritage that mixes willing research with descriptions of the gorgeous and infrequently unknown works of Ottoman artisans.  Faroqhi sheds new mild on all facets of artisan existence, environment the troubles of person craftsmen in the context of the wider cultural issues that attach them to the broader world.  Combining social, cultural, financial, spiritual and historiographical insights, this may be the authoritative paintings on Ottoman artisans and guilds for a few years to return.

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Extra info for Artisans of Empire: Crafts and Craftspeople Under the Ottomans (Library of Ottoman Studies)

Sample text

Artisans using imported yarns occupied centre stage, particularly when they produced cloth that was either cheaper or better adapted to local demand than the imported product. Thus Quataert demonstrated that in nineteenth-century Anatolia, for instance, a great variety of textiles was produced that today survive, if at all, only in local museums. A recent synthesis and a conclusion of sorts Given the accumulation of research reflected in these foregoing pages it is not surprising that recently a synthesis has been attempted: it concerns Istanbul between 1453 and approximately 1800, although the title, Artisans et commerçants du Grand Turc, recalls André Raymond’s great study of eighteenth-century Cairo.

But the men – and where the textile crafts are concerned, also the women – who manufactured these items, have remained very much in the shadow. How did they make a living, an undertaking that sometimes meant invoking the protection of the Ottoman state apparatus and in other instances dodging the latter’s ubiquitous representatives, namely the market inspectors and tax collectors? Did artisans, in dealing with the problems of workshop and marketplace, rely on family members and neighbours pure and simple, or did they develop specialized organizations to defend their interests?

Genç’s work thus revolves around the state–artisan nexus as an impediment to industrial growth and dwells on the difficulty of capital formation that formed the Achilles heel of the Ottoman economy. But as a compensation for meagre economic opportunities, state officials protected artisan livelihoods, at least as long as military defeats and financial stringencies did not tempt the elites into exaggerating their traditional concern with fiscal gains to the point where it resulted in ‘predatory taxation’ pure and simple.

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Artisans of Empire: Crafts and Craftspeople Under the Ottomans (Library of Ottoman Studies) by Suraiya Faroqhi


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