By Andrew McGowan
The early Eucharist has frequently been obvious as sacramental consuming of token bread and wine in cautious or maybe slavish imitation of Jesus and his earliest disciples. in reality, the proof indicates nice variety in behavior, together with using meals, within the first few hundred years. This research describes and discusses those practices totally for the 1st time, and gives vital new insights into the liturgical and social background of early Christianity.
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Extra info for Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (Oxford Early Christian Studies)
This was not so much of a problem for Dix as were questions of order; the elements of the meal are dealt with in the `wrong' order, with the cup ®rst. On the basis of this question of order, Dix consigned the meal of the Didache to the obscure category of the 42 Even a more explicitly theologically committed approach that acknowledges a quest for orthodoxy, and is willing to choose what ®ts a preconceived picture, cannot really understand what that picture means without considering the exceptions and contrasts.
Mass Diet and Nutrition', 70±2. 3d ± 8/2/99 ± 15:29 ± disk/mp Ordering Food in Graeco-Roman Antiquity 39 13 `food' at times). 14 The exact varieties and quantities of fruits and vegetables available to common people must have depended on just where they lived and worked. 15 We may presume that even poorer agricultural workers had some access to the crops they actually harvested,16 yet not every meal of the poor is likely to have included them.
The second, from Cato the Elder's De Agri Cultura, provides advice on 5 On `Apicius' and Athenaeus, see the discussion by Dalby, Siren Feasts, 168±83. 3d ± 8/2/99 ± 15:29 ± disk/mp Ordering Food in Graeco-Roman Antiquity 37 foods for farm workers. Both are suggestions from people with signi®cant power, for the needs of the poor. They come from rather dierent contexts, but they are not atypical of the evidence and may not be at all unrepresentative. If a husband maintained his wife at the hands of a third person, he may not grant her less than two qabs of wheat or four qabs of barley.
Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (Oxford Early Christian Studies) by Andrew McGowan