By Kai Nielsen
The indeterminacy of the fashionable notion of God has made the excellence among trust and unbelief more and more tricky. either the complexity of the spiritual reaction and the diversity of sceptical philosophies restrict simplistic definitions of what constitutes trust in God. Making the dialogue much more tricky are assertions by way of fundamentalists who push aside the philosophical perplexities of non secular claims as unreal pseudo-problems. "Atheism and Philosophy" is an in depth examine of those and different matters very important to our figuring out of atheism, agnosticism, and non secular trust. thinker Kai Nielsen develops a coherent and built-in method of the dialogue of what it capability to be an atheist. In chapters similar to: How is Atheism to be Characterised?; Does God Exist?; Agnosticism; faith and dedication; and The Primacy of Philosophical Theology, Nielsen defends atheism in a fashion that solutions to modern issues. This paperback version contains a new preface within which Nielsen, displaying the expanding effect of the later Ludwig Wittgenstein, Donald Davidson, the classical pragmatists, and such neo-pragmatists as Richard Rorty and Hilary Putnam, defends his account opposed to a few continual and believable criticisms, fairly opposed to his sceptical arguments in regards to the coherence and intelligibility of trust in God.
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I hope and believe I do not in making that adaptation, distort Rawls's own view. But I do put it to purposes other than he intended. But at any rate it is how I think we should proceed in trying to justify either an atheistic point of view or a religious one. It is a coherence view (though relying on the initial plausibility of our considered judgments). It relies on many diverse elements (including deductive elements), but it is quite different from a purely deductive model, such as we see deployed in The Impossibility of God.
Because we find along with deep disagreement much that is held in common (and relevantly so) by both theists and atheists, and this can and does yield some starting points which are mutually recognized. , respect for all persons, for sound arguments, for avoiding internecine warfare, for avoiding religious hatred, for respect for evidence, for integrity, for tolerance, and so on and so on). There are also more determinate grounds that are held in common between them. That can be seen from my illustrations above of so-called definitional disproofs of the existence of God and the so-called problem of evil disproofs of the existence of God.
Barth, who is arguably the most important Protestant theologian of the twentieth century, thought, much like Luther, that the rationalistic arguments of philosophy and natural theology could only lead to unbelief. 1 I criticize both Divine Command and Natural Law conceptions of ethics and attempt to show the bankruptcy of the popular apologetic move that if God is dead nothing matters. Finally, in "Religion and Rationality" and "The Embeddedness of Atheism," I return to underlying philosophical topics—topics that cut to the heart of the matter—discussed in "In Defense of Atheism" and in my previous books: Contemporary Critiques of Religion, Skepticism and An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion.
Atheism & Philosophy by Kai Nielsen