By Lee A. Kirkpatrick PhD
During this provocative and interesting booklet, Lee Kirkpatrick establishes a huge, accomplished framework for imminent the psychology of faith from an evolutionary standpoint. inside of this framework, attachment conception offers a strong lens wherein to reconceptualize assorted elements of non secular trust and behaviour. Rejecting the idea that people own religion-specific instincts or diversifications, Kirkpatrick argues that faith as a substitute emerges from quite a few mental mechanisms and structures that developed for different services. This integrative paintings will spark dialogue, debate, and destiny study between someone drawn to the psychology of faith, attachment concept, and evolutionary psychology, in addition to non secular reports. it is going to additionally function a textual content in complex undergraduate- and graduate-level classes.
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Extra resources for Attachment, Evolution, and the Psychology of Religion
Introduction to Attachment Theory 27 Several developments in this new field of ethological theory were of particular importance. First, such research had produced some striking examples of behavioral systems related to parent–offspring relationships in other species that clearly seemed relevant for thinking about human development. Lorenz’s (1935) famous work on imprinting in geese suggested the existence of a behavioral system in hatchlings that worked according to a simple rule: Follow around the first large moving object you see.
In short, evolutionary psychology refers to an approach to psychological science that begins by acknowledging that the brain—the organ primarily responsible for producing and organizing all thought and behavior—is, like all other organs and physiological systems, the product of eons of evolution by natural selection. As such, it is assumed to have evolved to perform particular functions that reflect solutions to adaptive problems entailing (directly or indirectly) survival and/or reproduction. Much as the remainder of the body is well understood in terms of functional systems—a heart for pumping blood, a liver for detoxifying blood, lungs for exchanging gases with the atmosphere, and so forth—the brain/mind can be understood as a complex aggregation of evolved functional systems or psychological mechanisms.
The Phenomenology of Attachment Many of these ideas can be expressed in other ways, given a shift in viewpoint. For example, Sroufe and Waters (1977a) suggest that from the phenomenological stance of the child (or other attached person), the barometer in the attachment system is the level of felt security. That is, a feeling of “insecurity” is what one experiences when the attachment figure is too far away relative to the proximity desired (as a function, in turn, of perceived danger, own health, and so forth), thus activating the attachment system.
Attachment, Evolution, and the Psychology of Religion by Lee A. Kirkpatrick PhD