By Alisa Meyuḥas Ginio
Sephardim are the descendants of the Jews expelled from the lands of the Iberian Peninsula within the years 1492-1498, who settled down within the Mediterranean basin. The selecting signal of the Sephardim has been, until eventually the center of the 20 th century, the language often called Jewish-Spanish. The background, id and reminiscence of the Sephardim of their Mediterranean dispersal are analysed by way of the writer with a distinct connection with the Sephardi neighborhood of Jerusalem and to the cultural and social adjustments that characterised the past due 19th century and the 1st 1/2 the 20th century. although, as a result of the the most important adjustments regarding modernization and the political conditions that got here into being on the flip of the 19th century and the 1st half the 20 th century, the Sephardim misplaced their particular id.
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Sephardim are the descendants of the Jews expelled from the lands of the Iberian Peninsula within the years 1492-1498, who settled down within the Mediterranean basin. The deciding upon signal of the Sephardim has been, till the center of the 20 th century, the language often called Jewish-Spanish. The historical past, identification and reminiscence of the Sephardim of their Mediterranean dispersal are analysed through the writer with a unique connection with the Sephardi group of Jerusalem and to the cultural and social alterations that characterised the past due 19th century and the 1st half the 20 th century.
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Extra info for Between Sepharad and Jerusalem: History, Identity and Memory of the Sephardim
It should be noted that in Israel today the commonly used term for the Jewish Spanish language is: “Ladino”. ” Coming out against this presentation of Ladino was Ḥaïm-Vidal Sephiha of the Sorbonne in Paris where, from 1967, he dealt with research and academic teaching of the Jewish Spanish language at that university. When in 1984 a chair was established for Jewish Spanish Studies at Inalco–Sorbonne Nouvelle in Paris, Sephiha held it. The course of Ḥaïm-Vidal Sephiha’s life represents the fate of many Sephardi Jews, descendants of the exiles from Spain of 1492, who settled on Ottoman Empire lands and established the eastern Sephardi dispersal in the Mediterranean Basin and who in the 1920s – in light of the far- reaching transformations that took place in the lands of the former Ottoman Empire, the modernization process alongside the crumbling and political collapse of the Ottoman entity – chose to immigrate to western Europe and to the American continent.
Revista Kulturala Djudeo-Espanyola. This periodical has been published in Jerusalem since 1979. The orthography its editors adopted is similar to the system set by the Kemalist Revolution (under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1881–1938) in Turkey, after the declaration of the republic in 1923, when he replaced the Arabic letters by Latin ones for writing Turkish. ), Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on the Jewish Spanish Language (Social and Cultural Life in Salonika through Jewish Spanish Texts, October 17 and 18, 2004 (Salonika: Fondation Etz Aḥaim, 2008), 217-35.
Moreover, we must keep in mind that in the mid-twentieth country, the Sephardim and the Jewish Spanish language that they spoke suffered a mortal blow – the Holocaust annihilated the overwhelming majority of Balkan Jews and following it came the migration movement of the few survivors to the State of Israel and elsewhere. The situation, as limned by de Foxá’s description, was destined to continue for no more than one decade. Other political factors applied to the Sephardi community of Jerusalem – the subject of our discussion.
Between Sepharad and Jerusalem: History, Identity and Memory of the Sephardim by Alisa Meyuḥas Ginio