By Vlad Alexandrescu
As Francis Bacon positioned it at the frontispiece of his Novum Organum, grafting an apocalyptic imaginative and prescient on a examine application, multi pertransibunt et multiplex erit scientia. the advance of technological know-how turns into progressively linked to the top of earthly existence, a topic that might resound deeply in Western inspiration up until eventually Goethe s Faust. What grounds then the multiplicity of information? what's the universal trunk out of which all nation-states of information spread, just like the burgeoning branches of the prestigious tree? After the Augustinian imprint of the 1st Christian centuries and after the admirable attempt of the excessive scholastics Aristotelian and Christian synthesis, the 17th century undertakes new clinical paintings with the necessity of a brand new regular floor. all of the large names of the trendy period, Francis Bacon, Galileo, Descartes, Robert Boyle, Spinoza or Leibniz, discovered themselves engaged within the look for a standard trunk of knowledge, every one of them nourishing the intimate conviction that they possessed the philosophical middle which might fulfill the discovered males s newly came upon urge for food for indefinitely extending wisdom. In doing this, all of those masters had to confront the philosophical culture that they acquired, transforming and merging jointly the previous constructions of technology via this epistemological prism of the quest for the solidarity of information. (Vlad Alexandrescu) CONTENTS Vlad Alexandrescu: Foreword I. Faces of information Nathan Smith: Mathesis, arithmetic and technique in Descartes s Regulae: A Reprise Elodie Cassan: Théorie de los angeles technology et body chez Descartes Vlad Alexandrescu: The double query of the individuation of actual our bodies in Descartes Roger Ariew: Descartes and Leibniz at the precept of Individuation Lucian Petrescu: Descartes and the interior Senses. On reminiscence and remembrance Stephen Gaukroger: The team spirit of information: traditional philosophical foundations of Spinoza s politico-theology Daniel Garber: Leibniz, Theology and the Mechanical Philosophy Sorana Corneanu: Locke at the research of Nature II. Mapping wisdom and Traditions Massimiliano Savini: los angeles Panacea Philosophica de Johann Heinrich Alsted: un projet architectonique d accès au savoir Dana Jalobeanu: The fascination of Solomon s condo in 17th century England: Baconianism revisited Giulia Belgioioso: «Toute hyperbole have a tendency là, de nous amener à los angeles vérité par l excès de los angeles vérité, c est-à-dire par l. a. mensonge»: les parcours hyperboliques qui amènent à los angeles vérité de Balzac à Descartes Igor Agostini: Caterus on God as ens a se Justin E.H. Smith: Descartes and Henry extra on residing our bodies Mihnea Dobre: The medical Journals of the Seventeenth-Century: Cartesianism in magazine des Sçavans and Philosophical Transactions, 1665-1670 Eric Lewis: Sir Kenelm Digby and the Weapon Salve in 17th Century England Brandon glance: Leibniz and Locke on genuine and Nominal Essences
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Extra info for Branching Off. The Early Moderns in Quest for the Unity of Knowledge
122, où la Terre est comprise dans l’extension du concept de phénomène. 3 Dans les Principia, on dénombre une occurrence du terme « sublunaire », localisée à l’art. 133 de la quatrième partie, et il s’agit d’un ajout du traducteur, AT, IX, p. 271. 4 Ce point est préparé par l’article 22 de la seconde partie des Principia qui pose : « item unam et eandem esse materiam coeli et terrae ; ac plures mundos esse non posse », AT, VIII, p. 52 ; AT, IX, p. 75. 1 54 Elodie Cassan En procédant à cette description, Descartes inscrit sa physique dans le champ de l’expérience.
Whether or not de Waard is right, the passage in question, which presents analysis as the true method of mathematics, surely bears traits similar to Descartes’s discussion of mathesis in Rule IV-B. It would not be unreasonable to suggest that Descartes’s own thought on the subject would date to the same period. Moreover, Rule IV-B is framed in the language of an autobiographical retrospective upon an earlier time. For instance, Descartes opens the passage with, “When I first applied my mind to the mathematical disciplines,” and continues, “Later on I wondered why,” “But I have come to think,” and “I began my investigation by inquiring,” etc.
Now, it is quite probable that Descartes begins using the terminology of the “simple natures” following Francis Bacon’s Novum Organon published in 1620 (though it is also possible that he may have picked up the term elsewhere; it is used in a passing way in both Francisco Toletus’ commentary on De Anima and in the Coimbrian commentaries on Aristotle’s Physics1). The more likely source, however, is Bacon, since it is Bacon who makes the simple natures a thematic concept in scientific inquiry and relates them to the foundations of mechanical natural philosophy.
Branching Off. The Early Moderns in Quest for the Unity of Knowledge by Vlad Alexandrescu