By Carter Vaughn Findley
From the author's preface: elegant Porte--there needs to be few phrases extra redolent, even at the present time, of the fascination that the Islamic center East has lengthy exercised over Western imaginations. but there should also be few Western minds that now be aware of what this time period refers to, or why it has any declare to awareness. One present-day center East specialist admits to having lengthy interpreted the expression as a connection with Istambul's well suited ordinary harbor. This person will not be specified and will probably declare to be really good expert. while the elegant Porte nonetheless existed, Westerners who hung out in Istanbul knew the time period as a designation for the Ottoman executive, yet few knew why the identify used to be used, or what point of the Ottoman govt it adequately precise. What used to be the genuine elegant Porte? used to be it a firm? A development? not more, actually, than a door or gateway? What approximately it used to be vital adequate to reason the identify to be remembered?
In one experience, the aim of this booklet is to reply to those questions. after all, it's going to additionally do even more and should, within the technique, movement fast onto a aircraft relatively assorted from the exoticism simply invoked. For to review the bureaucratic complicated adequately often called the chic Porte, and to research its evolution and that of the physique of guys who staffed it, is to discover an issue of super value for the advance of the executive associations of the Ottoman Empire, the Islamic lands ordinarily, and in a few senses the whole non-Westerrn world.
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Extra resources for Bureaucratic Reform in the Ottoman Empire: The Sublime Porte, 1789-1922 (Princeton Studies on the Near East)
Thus, a description of the house is provided, more or less accurate according to the customs of the town and time period under consideration. Certainly, these descriptions do not provide all the information one might wish for, and references to doors, windows, lattice work or roofing are notoriously absent. But since hundreds of houses have been described, it is possible to show up certain tendencies of architectural change, and to speculate about the possible reasons for these developments. Moreover, the uninhabited service sections of the house are equally described in some detail.
Even so, the owners of more than one house should generally have been better off than the average townsman, and a careful interpretation of the sales records allows us to pinpoint specific examples. As a further step, we can attempt to relate the information that we possess concerning the social characteristics of house-owners with what is known about the physical appearance of seventeenth-century houses in Ankara and Kayseri. This ties in with another question, which has in various instances been taken up by students of regional architecture: namely whether there was any significant difference in style between Muslim and non-Muslim dwellings.
But if one considers that many dwellings of Ankara and Kayseri were very small, containing only one or two inhabitable rooms, it is unlikely that many houses were occupied by large families. The relatively cheap technique of mudbrick building and the availability of courtyards in most dwellings should have made it unnecessary to overcrowd the existing rooms. Where there were many residents to a house, a new room could be added with relative ease. Thus, the scarcity of houses known to have been inhabited by collaterally extended families, and the relative smallness of the houses themselves, can be taken to indicate that it was not common for extended families to live under one roof.
Bureaucratic Reform in the Ottoman Empire: The Sublime Porte, 1789-1922 (Princeton Studies on the Near East) by Carter Vaughn Findley