By Biray Kolluoglu, Meltem Toksöz
In this bold inter-disciplinary examine, the authors study the relationships among the japanese Mediterranean port towns and their hinterlands in addition to inland and provincial towns from many alternative views - political, financial, overseas and ecological - with out prioritizing both Ottoman Anatolia, or the Ottoman Balkans, or the Arab provinces that allows you to reflect on the jap Mediterranean global as a coherent complete. via its penetrating research of many of the networks that attached the ports and cities of the Mediterranean and their population in the course of the Ottoman interval, towns of the Mediterranean offers the area as a unified and dynamic neighborhood and paves the best way for a brand new knowing of the subject.
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Extra resources for Cities of the Mediterranean: From the Ottomans to the Present Day
Unlike the plague, malaria did not kill its victims but sapped their vitality. Also, one should not forget that however detrimental the advance of the marshlands was to winter crops and cereals, the spread of the fluvial environment of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries created a setting which, if utilized to its fullest extent, could facilitate the cultivation of aquatic crops such as rice, or summer crops such as cotton, both of which depend on irrigation. The emporia of these crops, and of cotton in particular, extended along the shores of the Aegean, partly because in this region mountains and valleys run perpendicular to the coast, rendering it relatively easier to make use of bodies of water (unlike in the Mediterranean where mountains run parallel to the coast and where fluvial activity is difficult to control).
16 In many cases, the first map we have of a city or island in the Mediterranean was created to describe a phase of the hostilities. The clash with the Ottomans over the possession of strategic bases had immediate economic repercussions, and the vicissitudes of the war directly influenced not just those whose livelihood depended on trade and the safe arrival of ships and their cargoes at trading ports. Everyone became involved in one way or another, for the supply of everyday goods and their prices affected all.
Medieval systems of representation based on Christian symbolism were abandoned in favor of a predetermined grid of latitude and longitude. The scientific developments of the Renaissance thus included the transformation of geographical knowledge. e. 6 The demand for maps also rose sharply among a public of art-lovers and armchair travelers who appreciated their aesthetic and educational properties. The pictorial advances of the Renaissance spilled over into cartography, enhancing the lifelikeness of maps and therefore their appeal among popular audiences.
Cities of the Mediterranean: From the Ottomans to the Present Day by Biray Kolluoglu, Meltem Toksöz