By Daniel L. Byman, Matther Waxman
Even if Iraq is still adverse to the us, Baghdad has many times compromised, and from time to time caved, in line with U.S. strain and threats. An research of makes an attempt to coerce Iraq on the grounds that wilderness hurricane unearths that army moves and other kinds of strain that threatened Saddam Husayn's courting along with his energy base proved powerful at forcing concessions from the Iraqi regime. while coercing Saddam or different foes, U.S. policymakers should still layout a method round the adversary's heart of gravity whereas looking to neutralize adversary efforts to counter-coerce the us and appreciating the coverage constraints imposed through household politics and overseas alliances.
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Extra resources for Confronting Iraq: U.S. Policy and the Use of Force Since the Gulf War
S. interests in the Persian Gulf. Page 13 Chapter Three IRAQ AS AN ADVERSARY Analyzing the effects of coercive threats requires first understanding the adversary in question. Such an understanding provides insight into why coercion works, not just whether the desired behavior occurred or not. Although generalizations drawn from history and recent related attempts are useful, in practice coercion cannot be universalized: what works for Iraq may fail for China and vice versa. Because Iraq is a country thoroughly dominated by Saddam Husayn and his henchmen, understanding their vulnerabilities and ambitions is critical to designing a coercion strategy.
As with any other important force in Iraq, the system has built-in checks: the Fedeyeen Saddam, a paramilitary group controlled by Saddam’s son Uday that assists in regime security, and the Special Republican Guard both act as a counterweight to the Republican Guard, reducing its ability to carry out a coup (Baram, 1998, p. 50). Political Techniques Along with building these protection forces, Saddam relies on several political strategies to solidify his rule. First, the Iraqi leader tailors his foreign and domestic policies to suit the interest of his core supporters.
As Saddam noted to one of his henchmen, “What is politics? Politics is when you say you are going to do one thing while intending to do another. ” (Cockburn and Cockburn, 1999, p. ) Third, Saddam also uses co-optation and other forms of favoritism to ensure the support of a limited number of partisans. Key regime supporters, particularly among important tribes and families, receive considerable regime largesse despite economic sanctions. The al-Bu Page 17 Nasir tribe, in particular, is cushioned from the impact of sanctions (Baram, 1998, p.
Confronting Iraq: U.S. Policy and the Use of Force Since the Gulf War by Daniel L. Byman, Matther Waxman