By Fariba Zarinebaf
This vividly specified revisionist heritage exposes the underworld of the biggest city of the early smooth Mediterranean and during it the total cloth of a fancy, multicultural society. Fariba Zarinebaf maps the background of crime and punishment in Istanbul over a couple of hundred years, contemplating transgressions akin to riots, prostitution, robbery, and homicide and while tracing how the kingdom managed and punished its unruly inhabitants. Taking us throughout the city's streets, workshops, and homes, she offers voice to dull people--the guy accused of stealing, the girl accused of prostitution, and the vagabond expelled from the town. She reveals that Istanbul during this interval is still mischaracterized--in half via the sensational and unique bills of eu tourists who portrayed it because the embodiment of Ottoman decline, rife with decadence, sin, and disorder. Linking the background of crime and punishment to the dramatic political, financial, and social differences that happened within the eighteenth century, Zarinebaf reveals in reality that Istanbul had even more in universal with different rising smooth towns in Europe, or even in the United States.
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Extra resources for Crime and Punishment in Istanbul, 1700-1800
Tulips of every variety and color appeared in public parks and royal gardens and as a motif in tiles, paintings, and textiles. 27 The high demand for tulip bulbs in Istanbul a century later created a similar situation. Ahmed III ordered the kadi of Istanbul to banish anyone who sold tulip bulbs above the maximum price or exported them from Istanbul. 28 The French ambassador had to turn to Ibrahim Pasha’s wife, the powerful Ottoman princess Fatma Sultan, to get the attention of the grand vizier.
The Un Kapanı (flour depot) and Yemiş iskelesı (fruit scale) distributed flour to bakers at government-set prices and fruits citywide. In the marketplace various religious communities mingled together, carried out business, and belonged to the same guilds. As would be expected, this area also became a center of crime due to its commercial wealth and social diversity. The district of Istanbul was under stricter government control than the rest of city because the Topkapı Palace, the main residence of the sultan and his family, was located here.
The janissary barracks (old and new rooms) and the Et Meydanı (meat square), where janissaries received their meat ration, were located on Divan Yolu and near the Hippodrome. The rebels used the Hippodrome as their base in 1703 and 1730 (see chapter 3). The commercial hub of the city was located very close to the Hippodrome and the Topkapı Palace. The Divan Yolu (via ignatia) branched out in several directions from the Hippodrome and connected the area to the mercantile center of the city, the Grand Bazaar and its surrounding residential and commercial districts on the one side as well as the Egyptian Market and the port (Eminönü area) on the other side on the Golden Horn.
Crime and Punishment in Istanbul, 1700-1800 by Fariba Zarinebaf