Culture, Growth and Economic Policy by Panagiotis E. Petrakis (auth.) PDF

By Panagiotis E. Petrakis (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3642414397

ISBN-13: 9783642414398

ISBN-10: 3642414400

ISBN-13: 9783642414404

It is a favourite trust that the cultural history inhered in a society impacts the necessities of monetary improvement. This dating calls for theoretical and empirical justification. the current e-book offers this including an research of the improvement of cultural historical past itself. Cultural historical past is embodied in political associations, in transactions, wisdom, incentives, in social capital, even within the tangibles of the economic climate. therefore, fiscal improvement is formed and the speed of development is affected. Conversely, financial improvement impacts cultural history. whilst this interplay happens at a non-developmental cultural historical past point, that's linked to low progress charges, then a development catch is shaped. inside this kind of progress capture, financial coverage (public and financial) is comparatively deactivated and the stipulations influencing the switch in cultural history and its timing are of fundamental importance.

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Sample text

Through institutions, rules and the actions of individuals are established, behaviors become more predictable and uncertainty is reduced. Therefore, apart from the fact that they reduce uncertainty, institutions also limit the sum of the available choices to the individual (North 1990). In other words, they restrict an individual’s choices, and in this way culture is referenced as a source of limitations. North (1990) divided institutions in two categories: formal institutions (written rules and laws) and informal institutions (unwritten rules and customary law).

The formed views of people and the grid of values influence the organization and operation of institutions and, ultimately, the distribution of available resources. Many writers claim the opposite too. Though indirectly, they consider that it is economic outcome and institutions that influence the way individuals think, the total of the values and, by extension, culture. The view of culture as a choice does not develop the neoclassical model, but merely completes it by attempting to provide answers to various empirical questions.

This view has helped economic science to determine the motivation of human activity using this mathematical model. Nevertheless, one key disadvantage is that it is based on a rather simplified form of reality that ignores many important variables of social and psychological interest, including the role of a society’s cultural and institutional background. According to the neoclassical model, the individual has certain preferences and needs, which he/she tries to satisfy by facing certain restrictions (limited available resources).

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Culture, Growth and Economic Policy by Panagiotis E. Petrakis (auth.)

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