By Professor Banu Eligür
The Mobilization of Political Islam in Turkey explains why political Islam, which has been a part of Turkish politics because the Seventies yet at the upward push purely because the Nineties, has now completed governing strength. Drawing on social circulation idea, the ebook specializes in the dominant type of Islamist activism in Turkey through examining the expanding electoral energy of 4 successive Islamist political events: the Welfare celebration; its successor, the advantage occasion; and the successors of the advantage get together: the Felicity social gathering and the Justice and improvement social gathering. This e-book, that is in keeping with wide fundamental and secondary assets in addition to in-depth interviews, offers the main accomplished research at the moment on hand of the Islamist political mobilization in Turkey.
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Extra info for The Mobilization of Political Islam in Turkey
A dynamic model allows observation of changes over time in key state institutions, processes, and ideologies and is much more sophisticated and sensitive with respect to whether a favorable POS exists or not. The question is how much change has occurred. An accumulation of changes in several key state institutions over time creates sufficient momentum to enable change in a state’s regime. Thus, while static models are just pictures, dynamic models enable observation of changes over time. ”75 He distinguishes between two kinds of domestic POSs – political input structures, which are defined by the openness of political regimes to new demands, and political output structures, which are defined as the (strong or weak) capacity of political systems to implement policies – in order to explain the variations in strategies on the part of the antinuclear movements in these four countries.
78 Even this observation is inadequate. The structure alone is insufficient to explain different outcomes. Agency, or choices made by entrepreneurs, is also important. Along the same lines as Tarrow, Edwin Amenta and Michael Young challenge the idea that weak-open states lead to movement mobilization, whereas strong-closed ones do not. , 41. 74 Tarrow uses the terms cross-sectional and cross-national interchangeably. 75 Kitschelt, “Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest,” 57–85.
Movement mobilization is varied and smaller in scale and scope in federal political systems like that of the United States. ”82 This book focuses on the first two factors. 83 Kriesi defines states as either weak or strong in terms of these four aspects of their formal institutional structure. A weak state provides a more favorable setting for mobilization. 84 Besides a state’s formal institutional structure, Kriesi considers the effects of informal procedures, and the prevailing strategies employed by the authorities with respect to challengers.
The Mobilization of Political Islam in Turkey by Professor Banu Eligür